Vegetable oils have been used for different applications and, more recently, as an active host medium to obtain nanoparticles for employment in bionanotechnological applications. Nevertheless, oils are very susceptible to oxidation during production, storage, and transportation because of their chemical composition. Consequently, any modification in their production must be accompanied by an analysis of the oxidative stability. In this study, naked and biocompatible gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were grown on sunflower oil during sputtering deposition using different deposition times. Size and morphology were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and their concentrations were found by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Rancimat® method was employed to evaluate the AuNPs influence on the oxidative stability of the vegetable oil. Well-dispersed quasi-spherical NPs were produced with a mean diameter in the 2.9-3.7 nm range and they were concentration-dependent on the deposition time. A concentration of about 11mg/L, 38mg/L, and 225mg/L of AuNPs was obtained for a deposition time of 5min, 15min, and 30min, respectively. The results also revealed that AuNPs negatively affected the oxidative stability of the sunflower oil and exponentially reduced the induction period (IP) with the increase in AuNPs content. IP reductions of 63%, 77%, and 81% were determined for the AuNPs containing samples at 11mg/L, 38mg/L, and 225mg/L. For the first time, it is reported that naked AuNPs promote the rapid degradation of vegetable oil and this points out the need for attention relative to the quality of vegetable oils used to host metal nanoparticles. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.