The paper is concerned with the issue of achieving the radiological equivalence (the equivalence of radiation risks) of radioactive waste of nuclear reactors and corresponding mass of natural uranium, taking into account the different migration ability of radionuclides in geological formations and soil. This migration radiological equivalence is being investigated for the deep burial of radioactive waste in the case of the development of a two-component nuclear power system with the concurrent use of thermal neutron reactors and fast neutron reactors. Calculations were performed of radiation doses and radiation risks of cancer death arising from consumption of drinking water from a well above a disposal site. The radiation risk relating to a two-component nuclear power system is lower than that from natural uranium; i.e., after reaching the radiological equivalence (100 y of storage) over the timescale of 109 y, the principle of migration radiological equivalence is satisfied. It would take 106 y after radioactive waste disposal to reach the migration radiological equivalence if only thermal reactors were operated. As regards consumption of well drinking water, the radiation risk does not exceed 10-5 y-1 for a two-component nuclear power system, while being 10-3 y-1 (socially unacceptable level) for a power system using only thermal reactors. Radionuclides 241Am, 239Pu, and240Pu in drinking water make the main contribution to the doses and radiation risks of people for 104 y after the disposal of radioactive waste.