An article conveying system includes a tray that is disposed on a floor surface and on which an article to be conveyed is mounted, a robot provided with a force sensor that detects an external force, a frictional force reduction device provided in at least one of the floor surface or the tray, to adjust a frictional force between the floor surface and the tray, and a controller that controls the robot to apply a lateral load to the tray and thereby slide the tray on the floor surface, and controls the frictional force reduction device based on a magnitude of the external force in a direction of the lateral load that is detected by the force sensor when the lateral load is applied.

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