The present invention relates to a method for detecting an RNA virus in a specimen by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and a kit for carrying out the method. More specifically, the present invention relates to a test method, characterized in that the purified water, saline or a buffer for mixing with a specimen to obtain a centrifugation supernatant as an analysis sample previously contain at least one element selected from internal control DNA, forward and reverse primers that specifically hybridize to the DNA, while RT-PCR reaction solution does not contain the above-mentioned element(s) contained in the purified water, saline, or buffer, and a kit for carrying out the method.

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