Descriptive sensory analysis was paired with temporal check-all-that-apply gas-chromatography olfactometry (TCATA GC-O) to compare differences in perceived flavour and volatile odour activity across a series of commercial plant-based meat analogues (PBMAs) versus conventional beef products. Multiple factor analysis separated PBMAs in two clusters along the first principal axis. The first cluster, rated higher in meaty flavour and odour, also showed higher citation proportions of sulfurous odourants. In contrast, the second cluster, higher in off odour and flavour, had higher citation proportions for fatty / legume odourants. Key odourants correlated with meaty flavour and odour were putatively identified as 2-methyl-3-furanthiol, dimethyl trisulfide, and furfuryl mercaptan while compounds correlated to off flavour and odour were putatively identified as (E,E)-3,5-octadien-2-one, 2-undecanol, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal. No correspondence was found between PBMA odour-activity and source protein, suggesting that volatile flavour production in PBMAs is derived primarily from exogeneous flavouring materials or...

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