A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic and homofermentative strain, named WILCCON 0030T, was isolated from sauerkraut (fermented cabbage) collected from a local market in the Moscow region of Russia. Comparative analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and whole genome relatedness indicated that strain WILCCON 0030T was most closely related to the type strains Lactiplantibacillus nangangensis NCIMB 15186T, Lactiplantibacillus daoliensis LMG 31171T and Lactiplantibacillus pingfangensis LMG 31176T. However, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization prediction values with these closest relatives only ranged from 84.6 to 84.9% and from 24.1 to 24.7%, respectively, and were below the 95.0 and 70.0% thresholds for species delineation. Substantiated by further physiological and biochemical analyses, strain WILCCON 0030T represents a novel species within the genus Lactiplantibacillus for which we propose the name Lactiplantibacillus brownii sp. nov. (type strain WILCCON 0030T=DSM 116485...

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