Breast muscle myopathies in broilers compromise meat quality and continue to plague the poultry industry. Broiler breast muscle myopathies are characterized by impaired satellite cell (SC)-mediated repair, and localized tissue hypoxia and dysregulation of oxygen homeostasis have been implicated as contributing factors. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that hypoxia disrupts the ability of SC to differentiate and form myotubes, both of which are key components of myofiber repair, and to determine the extent to which effects are reversed by restoration of oxygen tension. Primary SC were isolated from pectoralis major of young (5 d) Cobb 700 chicks and maintained in growth conditions or induced to differentiate under normoxic (20% O2) or hypoxic (1% O2) conditions for up to 48 h. Hypoxia enhanced SC proliferation while inhibiting myogenic potential, with decreased fusion index and suppressed myotube formation. Reoxygenation after hypoxia partially reversed effects...

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