Viability RT-qPCR, a molecular detection method combining viability marker pre-treatment with RT-qPCR, has been proposed to infer infectivity of viruses which is particularly relevant for non-culturable viruses or sophisticated cell culture systems. Being human noroviruses (HuNoV) most frequently associated with foodborne outbreaks, this study compared different viability techniques and infectivity in human intestinal enteroids (HIE) to ultimately determine whether the molecular approaches could serve as rapid assays to predict HuNoV inactivation in high-risk food. To this end, the performance of three viability RT-qPCR assays with different intercalating markers ((Viability PCR Crosslinker Kit (CL), propidium monoazide (PMAxx™), and platinum chloride (PtCl4)) in estimating survival of HuNoV exposed to thermal and high pressure (HPP) treatments was compared to replication tested in the HIE cell culture model. A nearly full-length genomic molecular assay coupled with PMAxx™ to infer HuNoV thermal inactivation was also assessed. The experimental design included HuNoV genogroup I.3...

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