Table eggs with color-uniformity shell are visually attractive for consumers. Lueyang black-boned chicken (LBC) lays colorful eggs, which is undesirable for sale of table eggs, but provides a segregating population for mapping functional variants affecting eggshell color. SLCO1B3 was identified as the causative gene for blue eggs in the Dongxiang and Araucana chickens. The aim of this study is to map functional variants associated with chicken eggshell color in the SLCO1B3. Eggshell color of LBC (n = 383) was measured using the L*a*b color space. SLCO1B3 was resequencing using a subset (n = 30) of 383 samples. Linkage disequilibrium among 139 SNP was analyzed. Association of 16 SNP in the SLCO1B3 and 8 in CPOX, ALAS1, and ABCG2 genes with L*a*b were tested by a polygenic model (LMM) and a polygenic/oligogenic mixed model (BSLMM). Chromatin state annotations were retrieved from the UCSC database. Effect of SLCO1B3 variants distributed...

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