Tibetan kefir grains (TKGs) are a complex protein-lipid-polysaccharide matrix composed of various microorganisms. Microorganisms have the benefit of being effective, secure, and controllable when used for selenium enrichment. In this study, selenium-enriched Tibetan kefir grains (Se-TKGs) were made, and the microbiology composition was analyzed through a metagenomic analysis, to explore the influence of selenium enrichment. The microbial composition of TKGs and Se-TKGs, as well as the probiotic species, quorum sensing system (QS) and functional genes were compared and evaluated. Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens was the most abundant microbial species in both communities. Compared with TKGs, Se-TKGs had a much higher relative abundance of acetic acid bacteria. Lactobacillus helveticus was the most common probiotic species both in TKGs and Se-TKGs. Probiotics with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties were more abundant in Se-TKGs. QS analysis revealed that Se-TKGs contained more QS system-associated genes than TKGs. Moreover, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis revealed that...

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