Tea and tea products are widely used as the most popular beverage in the world. EGCG is the most abundant bioactive tea polyphenol in green tea, which has positive effects on the prevention and treatment of diabetes. However, the impact of EGCG exposure on glucose homeostasis and islets in adult mice have not been reported. In this study, we studied glucose homeostasis and the morphological and molecular changes of pancreatic islet α and β cells in adult male mice after 60 d of exposure to 1 and 10 mg/kg/day EGCG by drinking water. Glucose homeostasis was not affected in both EGCG groups. The expression of pancreatic duodenal homebox1 (Pdx1) in β cells was upregulated, which might be related to increased insulin level, β cell mass and β cell proliferation in 10 mg/kg/day EGCG group. The expression of aristaless-related homeobox (Arx) in α cells did not change significantly, which corresponded with...

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