Laccases are natural catalysts with remarkable catalytic activity. However, their application is limited by their lack of stability. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a promising alternative for enzyme immobilization. Enzymes can be immobilized in MOFs via two approaches: postsynthetic immobilization and in situ immobilization. In postsynthetic immobilization, an enzyme is embedded after MOF formation by covalent interactions or adsorption. In contrast, in in situ immobilization, a MOF is formed in the presence of an enzyme. Additionally, MOFs have exhibited intrinsic enzyme-like activity. These materials, known as nanozymes when they have the ability to replace enzymes in certain catalytic processes, have multiple key advantages, such as low cost, easy preparation, and large surface areas. This review presents a general overview of the most recent advances in both enzyme@MOF biocatalysts and MOF-based nanozymes in different applications, with a focus on laccase, which is one of the most widely investigated enzymes with...

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