As we reported previously, caloric restriction (CR) results in an increased concentration of bile acids (BA) in the intestinal mucosa. We now investigated the background of this phenotype, trying to identify nutrition-related factors modulating BA levels. Male mice were submitted to various types of restrictive diets and BA levels and expression of associated factors were measured. We found that BA concentration is increased in the liver of CR mice, which corresponds to reduced expression of the Shp gene and elevated mRNA levels of Cyp27a1, Bal, and Ntcp, as well as CYP7A1 protein and gene expression. Correlation between decreased concentration of BAs in the feces, increased BAs levels in plasma, and elevated gene expression of BAs transporters in the ileum mucosa suggests enhanced BA uptake in the intestine of CR mice. Corresponding to CR upregulation of liver and ileum mucosa, BA concentration was found in animals submitted to other...

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