Type 3 sourdoughs, which are starter culture-initiated and subsequently backslopped, are less studied than other sourdough types. Yet, they can serve as a model to assess how competitive starter culture strains for sourdough production are and how the microbial composition of such sourdoughs may evolve over time. In the present study, Limosilactobacillus fermentum IMDO 130101 was used to produce Type 3 sourdoughs, prepared from wheat and wholemeal wheat flours. Therefore, an initial fermentation of the flour-water mixture was performed at 30 °C for 48 h. This was followed by cold storage-backslopping cycles, consisting of refreshments (50 %, v/v), fermentation steps of 16 h, and storage at 4 °C each week, every three weeks, and every six weeks. The microbial dynamics (culture-dependent and -independent approaches) and metabolite dynamics were measured. In all sourdoughs produced, starter culture strain monitoring, following an amplicon sequence variant approach, showed that Liml. fermentum IMDO 130101...

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