Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim., a traditional perennial climbing herbaceous medicinal plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family and Trichosanthes genus, has gained significant attention in recent years for its rich bioactive components. Its trichosanthis fructus, trichosanthis semen, trichosanthis perieardium, and trichosanthis radix contain diverse active ingredients, primarily comprising saponins, polysaccharides, flavonoids, among others. These substances exhibit various pharmacological activities, including improvement of cardiovascular diseases, anti-tumor effects, antioxidant properties, anti-aging benefits, and immune system enhancement. Despite being an important medicinal plant resource, there is a lack of systematic review and summary of the research progress on the active components and mechanisms of gourd luffa. In order to better harness the potential advantages of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim., there is a need for in-depth investigations into its active components, mechanisms of action, and further clinical validations. This will contribute to a better understanding and utilization of gourd luffa in health maintenance and disease prevention. Therefore,...

You do not currently have access to this content.