Vitamins are types of natural compounds that help cell growth and body metabolism. Living organisms, especially humans, need a small number of vitamins for their survival and health. Accepting the fact that when the concentration of vitamins in the body becomes more or less than normal, it causes the emergence of various diseases. Due to the required vitamins of humans bodies supply from pharmaceutical supplements and food, the measurement of them in medicines, foods, and biological fluids can consider an important matter. In other words, their accurate and fast monitoring is considered an essential requirement for monitoring the level of human health. Different types of vitamins have been identified using different techniques. To elaborate, selectivity and sensitivity are the indicators that diagnostic techniques should have these features. Recently, in order to achieve ideal sensitivity and selectivity probes in various determination techniques (including, electrochemical (EC), optical, photoelectrochemical (PEC), electrochemiluminescence (ECL), and...

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