Asthma is an inflammatory disease characterized by chronic inflammation in lung tissues and excessive mucus production. High-fat diets have long been assumed to be a potential risk factor for asthma. However, to date, very few direct evidence indicating the involvement of high sucrose intake (HSI) in asthma progression exists. In this study, we investigate the effect of HSI on ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized allergic asthma mice. We observed that HSI increased the expression of inflammatory genes (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α) in adipose tissues and led to reactive oxygen species generation in the liver and lung. In addition, HSI accelerated the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway leading to MMP9 activation, which promotes the chemokines and TGF-β secretion in the lungs of OVA-sensitized allergic asthma mice. More importantly, HSI significantly promoted the pathogenic Th2 and Th17 responses. The increase of IL-17A secretion by HSI increased the expression of chemokines (MCP-1, CXCL1, CXCL5, CXCL8). It resulted in eosinophil...

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