The present invention provides a a nanostructure which includes: a core comprising one or more planes configured to come into planar contact with at least one plane of an ice crystal; and an oligopeptide which is conjugated to at least one plane of the core and comprises (Thr)n-, (Ala)n-, (Ser)n-, or (Gly)n-, wherein the nanostructure is a polyhedron-shaped nanostructure present in water in a colloidal form to control freezing, and n is an integer of 2 to 7.

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