An article processing apparatus includes: a configuration determination unit configured to determine a configuration of at least one transport unit including articles and stacked article groups each including a pallet, and at least one of the articles placed on the pallet, wherein first article groups are article groups excluding uppermost one of the stacked article groups; a palletizing mechanism configured to place the at least one of the articles on the pallet so as to form each of the stacked article groups; and a stacking mechanism configured to stack the article groups formed by the palletizing mechanism so as to form the transport unit, wherein the configuration determination unit is configured to determine the configuration of the at least one transport unit such that a load applied to each of the first article groups is smaller than a load index set to each of the first article groups.

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