Anorexia nervosa (AN) has a high mortality rate due to the widespread organ dysfunction caused by the underlying severe malnutrition. Malnutrition-induced hepatitis is common among individuals with AN especially as body mass index decreases, while acute liver failure and aplastic crisis related to coagulation disease and encephalopathy rarely occur in AN patients. The supervised increase of caloric intake can quickly improve the elevated aminotransferases caused by starvation and aplastic crisis. This current case report describes a 12-year-old adolescent girl who was admitted with a 3-month history of weight loss. Within 3 months, she had lost 10kg of weight. The girl was diagnosed with AN, acute liver failure, severe malnutrition with emaciation, electrolyte disorder, bradycardia and aplastic crisis. She was gradually supplemented with vitamins and enteral nutrition to avoid refeeding syndrome. After treatment, her liver function and haematopoietic function returned to normal. In conclusion, acute liver failure and aplastic crisis are...

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