High-mannose type glycans play important roles in biosynthesis of glycoproteins including glycoprotein quality control system. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), α1,2-mannosidases cleave several mannose (Man) residues to give small high-mannose type glycans, such as glycans containing five or six mannose residues (M5-glycan or M6-glycan). These glycans are reported to act as a signal for degradation processes of glycoproteins in the ER. In this work, we isolated the M5-glycan and the M6-glycan from delipidated egg yolk and confirmed that their structures were identical to human type glycans based on rigorous NMR experiments, suggesting the potential use for semisynthesis of glycoconjugates and glycan analysis. All rights reserved, Elsevier.

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