A history of safe use is a backbone of safety assessments for many current probiotic species, however, there is no global harmonization regarding requirements for establishing probiotic safety for use in foods and supplements. As probiotic manufacturers are increasingly seeking to use new strains, novel species, and next-generation probiotics, justification based on a significant history of use may be challenged. There are efforts underway by a variety of stakeholders, including the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), to develop best practices guidelines for assessing the quality and safety of probiotics. A current initiative of the USP seeks to provide expert advice specific to safety considerations for probiotics. Toward this goal, this review provides a helpful summary guide to global regulatory guidelines. We question the suitability of traditional animal toxicology studies designed for testing chemicals for relevance in assessing probiotic safety. This includes discussion of the use of excessive dose levels, the length...
Considerations for determining safety of probiotics: a USP perspective.
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Roe, A. L., Boyte, M. E., Elkins, C. A., Goldman, V. S., Heimbach, J., Madden, E., Oketch-Rabah, H., Sanders, M. E., Sirois, J., Smith, A.; Considerations for determining safety of probiotics: a USP perspective.. IFIS Food and Health Sciences Database 2023; doi:
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