A probiotic composition and method for activating probiotic spores for consumption by a human to reduce inflammation in or treat inflammatory conditions in the gut. A probiotic composition comprises a nutrient-germinant composition, one or more species of Bacillus spores, and optionally a food or beverage product, which are mixed or pre-mixed in any combination. A nutrient-germinant composition comprises one or more L-amino acids, optionally a source of potassium ions, and optionally one or more buffers, if the source of potassium ions is not also a buffer. A method of activating the spores comprises heating the probiotic composition or food or beverage containing the probiotic composition to a temperature range of around 42 degrees centigrade -100 degrees centigrade, more preferably 70 degrees centigrade -85 degrees centigrade prior to being administered to ingested. Dosing the probiotic composition at around 1 to 4 grams per day over a treatment cycle can reduce indicators...

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