In this study, the effect of bacterial cellulose nanofibrils (BCNF) surface charge density on the emulsification capacity of gelatin (GLT) /BCNF mixtures was investigated. Emulsions with 50 v% oil phase were co-stabilized by GLT and BCNFs (surface charge densities varied from 0.34 to 1.16 mmol/g) at pH 7.0 (GLT and BCNFs were negatively charged) and pH 4.7 (electrostatic equilibrium point for all GLT/BCNF mixtures). At pH 7.0, as BCNF surface charge density increased, the oil-water interfacial tension was decreased. Thus, the emulsion droplet size was reduced from 14.24 to 13.51 μm when the BCNF surface charge density was improved from 0.34 to 1.16 mmol/g. Additionally, the emulsion stability was significantly improved by the addition of highly-charged BCNF due to the increased electrostatic repulsion between dispersed droplets. At pH 4.7, the highest level of attractive electrostatic interaction was observed for GLT and BCNF with a surface charge density of 1.16 mmol/g...

You do not currently have access to this content.