Dairy proteins in the diet are beneficial for the growth of probiotics; however, what is unknown is the gut-mediated immune responses under protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and if dairy protein hydrolysates can be effective as dietary interventions. This study compares the composition of the gut microbiota of rats with moderate protein deficiency (M.PEM) and severe protein deficiency (S.PEM) induced by feeding 5% and 1% hypoprotein diets, followed by replenishment with buffalo and whey protein hydrolysates. Fecal samples were collected, and the composition of the gut bacteria was analyzed by whole genome sequencing using long-read sequencing. Gene expression studies of the immunomodulatory cytokines involved and quantification of sIgA were carried out. IL-6 and IFN-γ were downregulated by about 0.17 ± 0.06 and 0.12 ± 0.10 fold when supplemented with whey protein hydrolysate in SP-RWC rats and by about 0.02 ± 0.06 and 0.35 ± 0.12 fold when using buffalo milk hydrolysate....

You do not currently have access to this content.