Raising chickens is a rapidly growing subsector in the livestock industry. However, low biosecurity results in increased disease spread and the use of drugs in chicken flocks. Increased use of drugs threatens public health, as it poses risks of drug residues and resistant pathogens escaping into chicken food chains or infecting humans respectively. A cross sectional questionnaire survey and on-field clinical and postmortem diagnoses were carried out to establish farmers' awareness of diseases, drugs, and withdrawal times. It was established that 82% (n = 200) of local chicken keepers strongly agreed that, Newcastle disease was a major problem whereas, 43.5% (n = 200) of the farmers who kept layers strongly agreed that Fowl typhoid was the major problem. Concurrent occurrence of Ascaridia galli infestations and Coccidiosis had a significant association with local chickens (odds ratio [OR] = 7.2, 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.6-14.4, P < 0.05) whereas, concurrent infections of...

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