The current research explores the involvement of head group size, chemical group type, and aliphatic tail in the molecular self-assembly of various oil structuring agents with similar 18-carbon aliphatic chains and hydroxyl, carbonyl, and/or carboxyl groups, in canola oil. Thermal and mechanical analyses at different molar concentrations emphasized the involvement of van der Waals (vdW) interactions and hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) in the self-assembly process. Higher contribution of vdW-forces in the self-assembly was observed when increasing molecular concentration from medium to high. The presence of H-bonds corresponding with organized crystal structures was detected in samples containing hydroxyl or carboxyl groups using nano-structure analysis. Absence of such groups led to ordered organization only at high concentrations, implying the involvement of vdW interactions. Polarized images demonstrated curved structures for long head group molecules, implying the formation of intermolecular H-bonds with neighboring molecules leading to structure curvature. The current results provide experimental indication to...

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