Non-typhoidal Salmonella serotypes are well adapted to utilize the inflammation for colonization in the mammalian gut mucosa and cause loss of the integrity of the epithelial barrier in the mammalian intestine. The present study assessed the protective efficacy of fish oil-in-water nanoemulsion, compared to the conventional emulsion, towards the intestinal epithelial barrier against invasive infection of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SL1344 in an in vivo streptomycin-treated mouse model. Non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SL1344 expresses its invasiveness by creating extreme inflammatory assault in the mammalian host lumen via its repertoire of secretory or membrane-bound proteins. Prophylactic treatment of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich fish oil nanoemulsion not only reduced the inflammatory markers by 4-5 fold against the established infection but also retained the gut barrier efficiency as shown by FITC-dextran permeability assay. Though the conventional emulsion also showed similar trends, the efficacy was significantly better with nanoemulsion treatment but...

You do not currently have access to this content.