In dietary risk assessment, residues of pesticidal ingredients or their metabolites need to be evaluated for their genotoxic potential. The European Food Safety Authority recommend a tiered approach focussing assessment and testing on classes of similar chemicals. To characterise similarity and to identify structural alerts associated with genotoxic concern, a set of chemical sub-structures was derived for an example dataset of 74 sulphonyl urea agrochemicals for which either Ames, chromosomal aberration or micronucleus test results are publicly available. This analysis resulted in a set of seven structural alerts that define the chemical space, in terms of the common parent and metabolic scaffolds, associated with the sulphonyl urea chemical class. An analysis of the available profiling schemes for DNA and protein reactivity shows the importance of investigating the predictivity of such schemes within a well-defined area of structural space. Structural space alerts, covalent chemistry profiling and physico-chemistry properties were combined to...

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