Disturbed deoxythymidine triphosphate biosynthesis due to the inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) can lead to uracil accumulation in DNA, eventually, lead to neurocytes apoptosis and cognitive decline. Folic acid supplementation delayed cognitive decline and neurodegeneration in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8). Whether folic acid, one of nutrition factor, the effect on the expression of TS is unknown. The study aimed to determine if folic acid supplementation could alleviate age-related cognitive decline and apoptosis of neurocytes by increasing TS expression in SAMP8 mice. According to folic acid concentration in diet, four-month-old male SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into three different diet groups by baseline body weight in equal numbers. Moreover, to evaluate the role of TS, a TS inhibitor was injected intraperitoneal. Cognitive test, apoptosis rates of neurocytes, expression of TS, relative uracil level in telomere, and telomere length in brain tissue were detected. The results showed that folic acid supplementation...

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