Tharu are living in the fertile Terai belt of Nepal however self-sufficiency in crop production is not observed. Rapid urbanization and trade after the construction of the East west highway and establishment of CNP led to tourism flourishment. This proved beneficial to the immigrants but degraded the agricultural status of Tharu. The Survey research was conducted in the Chitwan district of Nepal from January to July in 2020 to comprehend the relationship between the socioeconomic status of the Tharu and agriculture. Total 69 households were selected by simple random sampling for the survey using a pretested questionnaire. Agriculture was their primary occupation however their socioeconomic status was unsatisfactory. They were rich in ITK. Some of the traditional tools used in agriculture were Borshi, Jha jha, Dihuri, Dhimmar and Khonga About 35.5% of mechanization was reported in overall cultivation practices. Farming at the subsistence level was practiced by more than half...

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