Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the food consumption of pregnant women and the degree of industrial processing using the Energy-Adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index (E-DII). Methods. This was a cross-sectional study of 237 women in the immediate postpartum period, ages 19 to 43. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, and food consumption information related to the gestational period were collected. A semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to determine the contribution of each food processing category to the energetic consumption. Using the calculation of the E-DII score (divided into quartiles), 27 dietary parameters were considered. Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, and χ2 tests, as well as ordinal multinomial logistic regression models, were used. Results. The increase in E-DII score was associated with an increase in the consumption of ultra-processed foods (quartile 1: 10.42% [0.00%-44.63%] < quartile 4: 34.17% [2.72%-74.90%]; P < 0.001) and a reduction in the consumption of unprocessed...

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