The present study utilized beef-lungs to develop a protein ingredient for affordable human food supplements. Beef-lungs were dried in an air drier at 50, 70 and 100°C and ground to develop a powder-based intermediate product. All beef-lung powder (BLP) samples dried at different temperatures showed a 300% water-binding capacity. Drying temperature significantly decreased the haem-iron content and protein quality with highest haem-iron content observed for the samples dried at 50°C (41% of total-iron content). A significant increase in glycine content was observed with increasing drying temperature. SDS-PAGE results showed lowest protein degradation for BLP-samples dried at 50°C. While microbiologically safe products were produced at all drying temperatures, BLP-samples dried at 50°C showed highest protein-and lipid-oxidative stability. The mean values of all the microbial counts were within acceptable limits beyond six-months of storage. Addition of 10% of BLP dried at 50°C to semolina dough showed no effect on apparent viscosity, however,...

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