Background. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) batch certifies FD & C Yellow No. 6 (Y6) to ensure that the color additive meets requirements published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), including specifications for seven organic manufacturing impurities consisting of two intermediates, a reaction by-product, an impurity originating from an intermediate, and three subsidiary colors. Objective. An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method was developed and validated for determining seven organic impurities in Y6. For comparison, the currently used high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was also validated. Methods. The new UHPLC method uses a 1.7 µm particle size biphenyl column with aqueous ammonium formate and methanol as eluants. Analytes are identified by comparing their retention times and UV-visible spectra to those of reference standards. Calibration is performed in the presence of the dye matrix and analyte levels are determined from their peak areas. Results. UHPLC and HPLC validation studies...

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