Background. Gastrointestinal digestion of A1-type β-casein is conducive to β-casomorphin-7 with potential adverse digestive health effects. Monitoring of A1-type β-casein concentration in milk and milk-derived ingredients used in the formulation of A2-type nutritional products with associated health claims is important from a quality standpoint. Objective. New analytical methods were developed and validated for total and A1-type β-casein in milk and milk-derived ingredients. Data on total and A1-type β-casein concentrations in milk, nonfat dry milk, and whey protein concentrate was generated. Method. The methods are based on a bottom-up proteomic approach using tryptic marker peptides and stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The measurement includes all protein sequences (intact, modified, and partial) which are potential sources of β-casomorphin-7. Results. Total β-casein was quantified using a neat calibration curve. Recovery and between-day precision RSD were 98% and 5.8%, respectively. A1-type β-casein was quantified by the method of standard additions. Between-day precision RSD...

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