Excessive immune responses and intestinal barrier injury are leading causes of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Previously, we demonstrated that B. longum subsp. longum K5 alleviated DSS-stimulated colitis in mice, while K15 could not. Here, we investigated both strains' underlying mechanisms regarding their anti-inflammatory and intestinal barrier protective capacities. We assessed the potential characters of two strains, anti-inflammation activities in the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cell model, and intestinal epithelial barrier functions in the LPS-induced Caco-2 cell monolayers model. Results showed that B. longum subsp. longum K5 exhibited high inhibition against the adhesion of E. coli ATCC 25922 to HT-29 and acetic acid production. B. longum subsp. longum K5 (MOI 1:100) significantly decreased the pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) and inflammatory mediator ROS, NO level in LPS (1μg/mL) -induced RAW 264.7 cells. It also significantly increased TEER value and decreased paracellular permeability of Caco-2 cells stimulated by LPS. B. longum...

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