Electronegative LDL (LDL (-)) and free fatty acids (FFAs) are circulating risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and have been associated with inflammation. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1Î²) represents a key cytokine in the development of CVD; however, the initial trigger of IL-1Î² in CVD remains to be explored. In this study, we investigated the combined effects of LDL (-) from the plasma of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients or diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rabbits and bovine serum albumin bound palmitic acid (PA-BSA) on IL-1Î² production in macrophages. Macrophages derived from THP-1 cells or human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were independently treated with LDL (-), PA-BSA or cotreated with LDL (-) and PA-BSA. The results showed that nLDL and/or PA-BSA had no effect on IL-1Î², and LDL (-) slightly increased IL-1Î²; however, cotreatment with LDL (-) and PA-BSA resulted in abundant secretion of IL-1Î² in macrophages. Rabbit LDL (-) induced the elevation of...
Synergistic effects of electronegative-LDL- and palmitic-acid-triggered IL-1β production in macrophages via LOX-1- and voltage-gated-potassium-channel-dependent pathways.
Shao-Chun Lu, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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Po-Yuan Chang, Shwu-Fen Chang, Ting-Yu Chang, Hui-Min Su, Shao-Chun Lu; Synergistic effects of electronegative-LDL- and palmitic-acid-triggered IL-1β production in macrophages via LOX-1- and voltage-gated-potassium-channel-dependent pathways.. IFIS Food and Health Sciences Database 2022; doi:
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