There is an increasing prevalence of coincident cerebrovascular deficiency and cognitive dysfunction with aging. Increased oxidative stress as well as inflammation that occurs with aging are associated with the impairment of cerebral vascularization. Interestingly, Resveratrol (RSV), a natural phytoalexin, is known to be a strong antioxidant and possesses anti-inflammatory properties. Collectively, these observations strongly suggest that RSV could protect against cerebral vascularization defect and then improves the decline cognitive function associated with aging. In order to test this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of a long-term RSV treatment (1.25 mg/day for 5 months) on cognitive performances of animals that we have allowed to age normally. Then, we further analyzed the gene expression profile and the cerebral blood flow in the brain. By means of novel object recognition (NOR) test, we observed that RSV enhanced NOR performances of aged rats. In addition, RSV enhanced cerebral blood flow during NOR task in...

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