ω3-Docosapentaenoic acid (ω3-DPA), an ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω3-PUFA), is expected to have beneficial physiological functions to humans; however, because of its rarity in nature, it has not been fully analyzed. We isolated an ω3-DPA producing microorganism strain T7 from brackish areas in Japan. Although most oleaginous microorganisms rarely accumulate ω3-DPA (<5% of total lipid), strain T7 accumulated ω3-DPA with more than 20% of total fatty acids. The strain T7 was identified as a related species of Aurantiochytrium. In Aurantiochytrium sp. T7, ω3-DPA production reached 164 mg/L culture broth, and the ω3-DPA content reached 23.5% of the total fatty acids when cultivated in a medium containing 2% glucose as the carbon source and 1% yeast extract as the nitrogen source, with a salinity equivalent to 50% of that of seawater and a pH in the acidic range (pH < 5.5). Aurantiochytrium sp. T7 is a promising producer of high-purity ω3-DPA...

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