The aim of this study was to study the effects of twelve varieties of japonica rice flour on the gluten protein composition and structure of wheat dough. Experimental results indicated that the addition of japonica rice flour significantly decreased the α-helix structure in the gluten protein sample, but increased the random coil content, indicating that the protein secondary structure became more disordered. The ratio of α-helix/β-sheet structures in the dough supplemented with different varieties of japonica rice flour was decreased, contributing to improved dough stability. Increasing the proportion of japonica rice flour from 10% to 40% significantly decreased the sulfhydryl content of the mixed flour dough. However, the total sulfhydryl content was only positively correlated with the amount of Longdao 19 japonica rice flour, reaching a maximum of 25.34molg-1 at 40% japonica rice flour. The gluten structure of mixed flour dough typically forms a porous three-dimensional network, with the...

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