Dysregulation in iron metabolism is associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other metabolic diseases, whereas the underlying mechanisms of imbalanced glycolipid metabolism are still obscure. Here, we demonstrated that iron overload protected mice from obesity both with normal diets (ND) or high-fat diets (HFD). In iron-overload mice, the body fat was significantly decreased, especially when fed with HFD, excessive iron mice gained 15% less weight than those without iron supplements. Moreover, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were all significantly reduced, and hepatic steatosis was prevented. Furthermore, these mice show a considerable decrease in lipogenesis and lipidoses of the liver. Compared with control groups, iron treated groups showed a 79% decrease in the protein level of Perilipin-2 (PLIN2), a protein marker for lipid droplets. These results were consistent with their substantial decrease in adiposity. RNA-seq and signaling pathway analyses showed that iron overload caused ferroptosis in the liver of mice...

You do not currently have access to this content.