The effect of the amount of ice added (20-60%) on the gel properties and water migration of Nemipterus virgatus surimi gel obtained with two-stage heat treatment was studied. The gel strength and water-holding capability (WHC) of the surimi gel with 30% ice added were significantly higher than those of other treatment groups (p < 0.05). The addition of 30% ice was conducive to the increase of protein β-sheet proportion during heat treatment, exposing more reactive sulfhydryl groups. These promoted the combination of protein-protein through disulfide bonds and hydrophobic-hydrophobic interactions, forming an ordered three-dimensional gel network structure. Meanwhile, the increase in hydrogen bonds promoted the protein-water interaction. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance analysis showed that more bound water was locked in the gel system, reducing the migration of immobile water to free water and finally showing better gel properties. When the amount of ice added was insufficient (20%), the gel structure...

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