Low-density expanded starchy products are often desirable, particularly in the snack food industry. Levels of shear and amylose are often deemed crucial factors for expansion. In this study, maize starches containing low (waxy), normal and high levels of amylose were compared after processing. Low shear processing used a popping head (similar to a rice-cake machine), while high shear (~450kJkg-1) samples (pellets and directly expanded) were created using twin-screw thermomechanical extrusion. Native starches and ground extruded materials (<106µm) were popped using the same conditions (230°C, 4s, water content 12% wwb). All samples tested created fused aerated cakes, which had little or no remaining crystallinity, except for the directly popped waxy sample, which retained ~17% of its original crystallinity. Water absorbances and solubilities were influenced greatly by the starch source and marginally by the amount of processing. On processing, waxy samples showed increased solubility while those with normal amylose content...

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