This work presents a novel work for the detection of the freshness of eggs stored at room temperature and refrigerated conditions by the near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and multivariate models. The NIR spectroscopy of diffuse transmission and reflection modes was used to compare the quantitative and qualitative investigation of egg freshness. It was found that diffuse transmission is more conducive to the judgment of egg freshness. The linear discriminant analysis model (LDA) for pattern recognition based on the diffuse transmission measurement was employed to analyze egg freshness during storage. NIR diffuse transmission spectroscopy showed great potential for egg storage time discrimination in normal atmospheric conditions. The LDA model discrimination rated up to 91.4% in the prediction set, while only 25.6% of samples were correctly discriminated among eggs in refrigerated storage conditions. Furthermore, NIR spectra, combined with the synergy interval partial least squares (Si-PLS) model, showed excellent ability in egg physical index...

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