Agricultural trade liberalization and protecting domestic markets encompass conflicting policy goals. Even though after the food crisis in 2008, national governments of food-deficit nations aimed at reducing food supply dependency on external markets, no research has assessed the impacts of food import reliance on price or price volatility transmissions to local markets. We constructed a dynamic conditional correlation (DCC)-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model to examine whether wheat import dependency could make a country vulnerable to overseas shocks by analyzing the inter-relationships between the international wheat price and retail wheat flour prices in 10 net importing countries over the sample period from January 2005 to December 2019. It was found that retail price volatility in each region was positively correlated with international price volatility for most of the period concerned. We also discovered that external dependency could significantly protect the domestic market from the global one, implying that lowering wheat...

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