The aflatoxin contamination of chilli pepper grown and marketed in Tamil Nadu, a southern Indian state, was assessed. Chilli samples were collected at different stages of the value chain and were quantified using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. Forty-two representative samples were collected from four districts identified as the hub for production, distribution, agro-processing industries and retail stores. In addition, interviews were conducted among the chilli farmers, vendors and agro-industrialists across the hubs to assess their knowledge on aflatoxin contamination and safe handling practices. The maximum aflatoxin content determined in the chilli pepper was 37.8µgkg-1. Almost 66.7% of samples collected from the retail outlets had aflatoxin values above 10µgkg-1. The total aflatoxin content in the samples collected across the value chain was in the range of 3.83 to 37.80µgkg-1. Statistical analysis on aflatoxin contents showed that there were significant differences (P<0.05)...

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