Marine sourced N3-PUFA regulate lipid metabolism in adipose tissue and liver; however, less is known about plant sourced N3-PUFA. The goal of this study was to investigate plant and marine N3-PUFA regulation of fatty acid trafficking along the adipose tissue-liver axis according to nutritional state. Mice were fed low-fat diets (7% w/w) containing either lard, flaxseed, or menhaden oils for 8 weeks, and were euthanized in either fed or fasted states. Substrate utilization and physical activity were assessed during the transition from a fed to fasted state. Plasma biomarkers (triacylglycerol [TAG], non-esterified fatty acids [NEFA]), as well as liver and epididymal adipose tissue (eWAT) lipogenic and lipolytic markers, were measured. Neither plant nor marine N3-PUFA influenced substrate utilization or activity during the transition from a fed to fasted state. In the fed state, marine N3-PUFA reduced plasma TAG levels compared to the other diets, with no further reduction seen in...

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