The compound, 4,4′-dinitrocarbanilide (DNC), is the marker residue of concern in edible tissues of broilers fed with diets containing anticoccidial nicarbazin (NIC). In this study, 25 fluorescein-labeled DNC derivatives (tracers) are synthesized and characterized to develop a rapid fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) for the detection of DNC in chickens using DNC monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). The effect of the tracer structure on the sensitivity of the FPIA is investigated. Our results show that after optimization, the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) and limit of detection (LOD) of the FPIA in the buffer are 28.3 and 5.7 ng mL-1, respectively. No significant cross-reactivity (CR < 0.89%) with 15 DNC analogues is observed. The developed FPIA is validated for DNC detection in spiked chicken homogenates, and recoveries ranged from 74.2 to 85.8%, with coefficients of variation <8.6%. Moreover, the total time needed for the detection procedure of the FPIA,...

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