The Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) has identified that numerous dietary supplements contain unapproved (hidden, undeclared, and unauthorized) ingredients that could be unsafe. The aim of this study is to summarize the presence of unapproved ingredients in dietary supplements based on the warning dataset released by the MFDS from 2010 to 2019. The warning data were extracted from the alert system on the MFDS's website. The highest number (ratio) of products found in the dataset were marketed for sexual enhancement [770 (43.3%)], weight-loss [690 (38.8%)], muscular strengthening [243 (13.7%)], or relaxing [76 (4.3%)]. A total of 1779 products contained one or more unapproved ingredients. The most common unauthorized compounds were icariin, sildenafil, and tadalafil for sexual enhancement, yohimbine, sibutramine, and sennoside for weight loss, and yohimbine and icariin for muscular strengthening, and melatonin and 5-hydroxytryptophan for relaxing products, respectively. Unapproved ingredients continue to be identified in dietary supplements,...
The presence of unauthorized ingredients in dietary supplements: an analysis of the risk warning data in Korea.
Hui-Seung Kang, New Hazardous Substances Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Osong, Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-do, 28159, South Korea. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
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Dasom Shin, Jeongeun Kwon, Hui-Seung Kang, Junghyuck Suh, Eunju Lee; The presence of unauthorized ingredients in dietary supplements: an analysis of the risk warning data in Korea.. IFIS Food and Health Sciences Database 2022; doi:
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