Traditionally, starter cultures for Cheddar cheese are combinations of Lactococcus lactis and Lactococcus cremoris. Our goal was to compare growth and survival of individual strains during cheesemaking, and after salting and pressing. Cultures used were 2 strains of L. lactis (SSM 7605, SSM 7436) and 2 strains of L. cremoris (SSM 7136, SSM 7661). A standardized Cheddar cheese make procedure was used that included a 38 °C cook temperature and salting levels of 2.0, 2.4, 2.8, 3.2, and 3.6% from which were selected cheeses with salt-in-moisture levels of 3.5, 4.5, and 5.5%. Vats of cheese were made using each strain on its own as biological duplicates on different days. Starter culture numbers were enumerated by plate counting during cheesemaking and after 6 d storage at 6 °C. Flow cytometry with fluorescent staining by SYBR Green and propidium iodide was used to determine the number of live and dead cells...

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